New World Cider

“New World” references the style, not a location, as ciders in this style are also made in eastern England, Australia, Germany, etc.

A New World—Modern cider is made primarily from culinary/table apples. Compared to other Standard styles, these ciders are generally lower in tannin and higher in acidity.

A New World—Heritage cider is made primarily from multi-use or cider-specific bittersweet/bittersharp apples, with wild or crab apples sometimes used for acidity/tannin balance. These ciders will generally be higher in tannin than New World—Modern ciders. These ciders will generally lack the malolactic fermentation (MLF) flavor notes often found in English ciders.

Aroma/Flavor: Sweet or low-alcohol ciders may have apple aroma and flavor. Dry ciders will be more wine-like with some esters. Sugar and acidity should combine to give a refreshing character. Acidity is medium to high, refreshing, but must not be harsh or biting.

Modern: Brilliant, pale to yellow in color.
Heritage: Clear to brilliant, yellow to amber in color.

Modern: Medium body.
Heritage: Medium body. Some tannin should be present for slight to moderate astringency, but little bitterness.

Overall Impression:
Modern: A refreshing drink – not bland or watery. Sweet ciders must not be cloying. Dry ciders must not be too austere.
Heritage: A refreshing drink of some substance – not bland or watery. Sweet ciders must not be cloying. Dry ciders must not be too austere.

Comments: An ideal cider serves well as a “session” drink, and suitably accompanies a wide variety of food.

Entry Instructions: Entrants MUST specify carbonation level (3 levels). Entrants MUST specify sweetness (5 levels). If OG is substantially above typical range, entrant should explain, e.g., particular variety of apple giving high-gravity juice.

Modern: Commonly grown varieties such as Winesap, Macintosh, Golden Delicious, Braeburn, Jonathan. Multi-use varieties (Northern Spy, Russets, Baldwin), crabapples, and any suitable wildings may also be used.
Heritage: Multi-use (Northern Spy, Russets, Baldwin), cider-specific bittersweets and bittersharps, crabapples, any suitable wildings.

Vital Statistics
Modern: OG: 1.045 – 1.065 FG: 0.995 – 1.020 ABV: 5 – 8%
Heritage: OG: 1.050 – 1.075 FG: 0.995 – 1.015 ABV: 6 – 9%

Commercial Examples
Modern: [US] Uncle John’s Fruit House Winery Apple Hard Cider, White Winter Hard Apple Cider (WI).
Heritage: [US] Westcott Bay Traditional Very Dry, Dry and Medium Sweet (WA), Farnum Hill Extra-Dry, Dry, and Farmhouse (NH), Wandering Aengus Ciderworks Bloom (OR), Montana CiderWorks North Fork (MT), Bellwether Heritage (NY).